METR-Meteorology

This is an archived copy of the 2018-2019 catalog. To access the most recent version of the catalog, please visit http://ou-public.courseleaf.com.

METR 1003. Introduction to the Atmospheric Sciences.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Math 1523 or higher or concurrent enrollment in Math 1823 or concurrent enrollment in Math 1914. An introduction to the field of atmospheric science, with a focus on concepts that can be understood using algebra. Periodic presentations from different professional atmospheric scientists introduce career options, challenges, and opportunities in the atmospheric sciences. Required of all meteorology majors during their first year of residence. (F)

METR 1014. Introduction to Weather and Climate.4 Credit Hours.

For non-science majors. A descriptive study of both short-term and long-term atmospheric phenomena, evenly divided between: (1) the structure and processes in the atmosphere that affect our every-day weather; and (2) climate and causes of climate change. This course does not count for major credit in the School of Meteorology. Laboratory (F, Sp) [II-LAB].

METR 1034. Native Science and Earth Systems of North America.4 Credit Hours.

(Crosslisted with GEOL 1034) Examines Earth systems of North America using both indigenous and Western perspectives, and an Earth science approach. This team-taught course will utilize a combination of geology, geography, meteorology, and Native American sciences, as expressed through the use of art. (Sp) [II-LAB].

METR 1111. Orientation to Professional Meteorology.1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Mathematics 1503 or higher. Required of all Meteorology majors during their first year of residence. Introduction to the School of Meteorology and its curriculum, faculty and staff. Presentations from different professional meteorologists introduce career options, challenges and opportunities in meteorology. (F)

METR 1313. Introduction to Programming for Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Math 1523 or equivalent, or concurrent enrollment. Introduction to the design and implementation of computer programs using the Python programming language. Emphasis on working with simple data sets. (F, Sp, Su)

METR 2004. Atmospheric Circulations.4 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in MATH 1914 (or MATH 2423), PHYS 2514, METR 1003, CHEM 1315, and METR 1313 (or CS 1321, 1323, or 1324). Co-requisites: MATH 2924 (or MATH 2433), PHYS 2524. Introduction to the application of mathematical techniques and physical principals to key atmospheric processes and phenomena, with a focus on stability, moisture, synoptic-scale flows, convection, boundary layer meteorology, and climate change. The course seeks to create a foundation of critical thinking and problem solving for subsequent classes in meteorology. Required of all meteorology majors during their second year of residence. (F)

METR 2011. Introduction to Meteorology I Laboratory.1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in Math 1823 or 1914; corequisite: METR 2013, Math 2423 or 2924 and Physics 2514 or 1205. Reinforces the theoretical concepts provided in the counterpart lecture course Meteorology 2013, which introduces students to important phenomena and physical processes that occur in the earth's atmosphere. Through a series of laboratory exercises, students will learn the basic concepts and tools that are used to study atmospheric problems. Special emphasis will be placed on developing information technology and computational skills. The laboratory exercises target the topics covered in the lecture component. (F, Sp) [II-LAB].

METR 2013. Introduction to Meteorology I.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in Math 1823 or 1914; corequisite: METR 2011, Math 2423 or 2924, Physics 2514 or 1205. Introduces students to important phenomena and physical processes that occur in earth's atmosphere, as well as to the basic concepts and instruments used to study atmospheric problems. Focuses on atmospheric radiation, thermodynamics, moisture, stability, clouds, and precipitation. (F, Sp) [II-NL].

METR 2021. Introduction to Meteorology II Laboratory.1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in METR 2011 or 2014, 2013, MATH 2423 or 2924, and PHYS 2514 or 1205; corequisite: METR 2023, MATH 2433 or 2934, and PHYS 2524 or 1215. Reinforces the theoretical concepts provided in the counterpart lecture course Meteorology 2023, which introduces students to important phenomena and physical processes that occur in the earth's atmosphere. Through a series of laboratory exercises, students will learn the basic concepts and tools that are used to study atmospheric problems. Special emphasis will be placed on developing information technology and computational skills. The laboratory exercises target the topics covered in the lecture component. (Sp, Su)

METR 2023. Introduction to Meteorology II.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in METR 2013, 2011 or 2014, MATH 2423 or 2924, and PHYS 2514 or 1205; corequisite: METR 2021, MATH 2433 or 2934, and PHYS 2524 or 1215. Introduces students to important phenomena and physical processes that occur in earth's atmosphere. Students will learn the basic concepts and instruments used to study atmospoheric problems. Part II of the introduction to meteorology sequence focuses on atmospheric dynamics, wind systems of different origin and scale, and thunderstorms. It also addresses boundary layer meteorology, air pollution, forecasting and climate change. (Sp, Su)

METR 2213. Physical Meteorology I:Thermodynamics.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Corequisite MATH 2443 or MATH 2934; C or better in PHYS 2524, MATH 2924 or MATH 2433, and METR 2004; majors only. This course introduces the physical processes associated with atmospheric composition, basic radiation and energy concepts, the equation of state, the zeroth, first, and second law of thermodynamics, the thermodynamics of dry and moist atmospheres, thermodynamic diagrams, statics, and atmospheric stability. (F, Sp)

METR 2603. Severe and Unusual Weather.3 Credit Hours.

Provide non-majors and majors a detailed descriptive account of the physical processes important in the formation of various severe and unusual weather phenomena including: thunderstorms, tornadoes, hail storms, lightning, hurricanes, midlatitude snowstorms, lake effect snows, atmospheric optical effects, and global climate change. This course does not count for major credit in the School of Meteorology. (Irreg.) [II-NL].

METR 2613. Meteorological Measurement Systems.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in METR 1313 or CS 1321 or CS 1323 or CS 1324, METR 2004, MATH 2924 or MATH 2433, PHYS 2524 and PHYS 1311; Co-requisite: MATH 2443 or 2934; majors only. Regardless of which area of atmospheric science you are inter-ested in, measurements of atmospheric variables will undoubtedly influence your work. In any area of science, it is observations of nature that lead to new theories and new understanding. In meteorology, we cannot hope to predict weather accurately unless we have sufficient knowledge of the current state of the atmosphere. (F, Sp)

METR 2970. Special Topics/Seminar.1-3 Credit Hours.

Special Topics. 1 to 3 hours. May be repeated; maximum credit nine hours. Special topics course for content not currently offered in regularly scheduled courses. May include library and/or laboratory research, and field projects. (Irreg.)

METR 3011. Practicum on Broadcast Software.1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: sophomore standing. May be repeated; maximum credit three hours. In this course students will learn how to use and manage the VIPIR and OMNI systems made by Baron Services. This will be accomplished via forecasting exercises and other various assignments. (F, Sp)

METR 3113. Atmospheric Dynamics I: Intro to Atmospheric Kinematics/Dynamics.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in METR 2023 and 2021, MATH 2433, 2443 or 2934, PHYS 1215 or 2524, and METR 1313 or CS 1313 or CS 1323. Characterization of the atmosphere mathematically, the study of forces acting upon it, and approximations used. Topics include Newton's laws of motion; energy, equilibrium and stability; coordinate systems and forces; the equations of motion and simple force balances; and mass and energy conservation. (F)

METR 3123. Atmospheric Dynamics II: Theory of Atmospheric Flows.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in METR 3113, METR 3213, and MATH 3413. Continuation of the study of atmospheric dynamics and kinematics begun in Dynamics I. Topics include: natural coordinates, geostrophic wind, inertial flow, cyclostrophic flow, gradient wind, thermal wind, kinematics and dynamics of circulation and vorticity, viscosity, and stress; turbulence, structure, and dynamics of the atmospheric boundary line. (Sp)

METR 3213. Physical Meteorology I: Thermodynamics.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: grade of C or better in METR 2023 and 2021, MATH 2433, 2443 or 2934, PHYS 1215 or 2524, and METR 1313 or CS 1313 or CS 1323. This course introduces the physical processes associated with atmospheric composition, basic radiation and energy concepts, the equation of state, the zeroth, first and second law of thermodynamics for dry and moist atmospheres, thermodynamic diagrams, statics, and atmospheric stability. (F)

METR 3223. Physical Meteorology II: Cloud Physics, Atmos Electricity/Optics.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in METR 3113, METR 3213, MATH 3413. Cloud and precipitation processes including the role of aerosols in cloud droplet and ice nucleation, growth of cloud particles into rain, snow, and hail by diffusion, coalescence, and cloud aggregation; the Clausius-Clapeyron equation; application of cloud physics in cloud electrification and optical phenomena in the atmosphere; concepts of weather radar. (Sp)

METR 3334. Principles of Research & Communication in Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in METR 1313, METR 2213, METR 2613, and MATH 2934 (or MATH 2443). An introduction to and/or development of topical skills in computing, writing, and speaking. The course will be composed of short thematic projects on topics relevant to meteorology and the atmospheric sciences. The professional skills gained reflect those needed by meteorologists in government, academia and the private sector. Required of all meteorology majors during their third year of residence. (Sp)

METR 3440. Mentored Research Experience.3 Credit Hours.

0 to 3 hours. Prerequisites: ENGL 1113 or equivalent, and permission of instructor. May be repeated; maximum credit 12 hours. For the inquisitive student to apply the scholarly processes of the discipline to a research or creative project under the mentorship of a faculty member. Student and instructor should complete an Undergraduate Research & Creative Projects (URCP) Mentoring Agreement and file it with the URCP office. Not for honors credit. (F, Sp, Su)

METR 3513. Atmospheric Chemistry in Weather and Climate.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in METR 2213. Advanced survey of atmospheric structure and composition, and introduction to chemical processes in the atmosphere. Groups of relevant trace species and their role in the atmosphere are identified. Additional topics include importance of and chemical processes associated with aerosols, and direct and indirect linkages between chemistry, weather, and climate. Required of all meteorology majors during their third year of residence. (F)

METR 3523. Managing for a Changing Climate.3 Credit Hours.

(Crosslisted with GEOG 3523) Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing. Provides an integrative understanding of the components of the climate system including the range of natural climate variability and external drivers of climate change, in addition to impacts of a changing climate on multiple sectors such as the economy, policy, ecosystems, and indigenous populations. (F)

METR 3613. Meteorological Measurement Systems.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in METR 2023 and 2021, MATH 2433, 2443 or 2934, PHYS 1215 or 2524, and METR 1313 or CS 1313 or CS 1323. Introduces the physical principles of meteorological instruments, discusses static and dynamic sensor performance, and explores the concepts of meteorological instruments, and to identify sensor limitations and major error sources. Furthermore, basic procedures of data analysis will be discussed. Laboratory (F)

METR 3890. Meteorology Internship.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: METR 1111 and permission of instructor. 1-3 hours. May be repeated; maximum credit 12 hours. This course provides a mechanism for students to receive credit for their internship experiences with the National Weather Service, TV stations, the private sector or any other kind of agency or institution which provides internship opportunities for Meteorology Majors. (F, Sp, Su)

METR 3960. Honors Reading.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: admission to Honors Program. May be repeated; maximum credit six hours. Consists of topics designated by the instructor in keeping with the student's major program. Covers materials not usually presented in the regular courses. (F, Sp, Su)

METR 3970. Honors Seminar.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: admission to Honors Program. May be repeated; maximum credit six hours. Projects covered vary. Deals with concepts not usually presented in regular coursework. (Irreg.)

METR 3980. Honors Research.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: admission to Honors Program. May be repeated; maximum credit six hours. Provides an opportunity for the gifted Honors candidate to work at a special project in the student's field. (F, Sp, Su)

METR 3990. Independent Study.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: permission of instructor and junior standing. May be repeated once with change of content. Independent study may be arranged to study a subject not available through regular course offerings. (F, Sp, Su)

METR G4133. Atmospheric Dynamics III: Mid-Latitude Synoptic-Scale Dynamics.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in 3123 and 3223. Concepts from kinematics, dynamics and thermodynamics used to characterize synoptic-scale atmosphere, emphasis on quasi-geo strophic and baroclinic instability theory as basis for understanding extra-tropical weather systems including cyclones, fronts and jets. Linear theory is used to describe a variety of atmospheric waves and their role in synoptic-scale meteorology. (F)

METR G4233. Physical Meteorology III: Radiation and Climate.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in 3123 and 3223. Fundamental principles of radiation; absorption and emission of radiation; solar and terrestrial radiation; radiative transfer and heating rates; surface and global energy balances; atmospheric general circulation; natural climate variations; greenhouse climate change; stratospheric ozone depletion. (F)

METR 4313. Statistical Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: grade of C or better in Mathematics 2423 of 2924, Computer Science 1313 or 1323, or permission of instructor. Offers specialized topics in statistical meteorology such as the role of probability and statistics in decision making, interplay between experimental design and the physics of an underlying problem, sampling techniques, graphical presentation of data and model building. Emphasis will be placed on computational aspects for meteorological data. No student may earn credit for both 4313 and 5313. (F)

METR 4323. Weather Simulation With Computers.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: METR 1313. The basics principles of computer programming for simulating and predicting fluid motion with computers. Applications range from idealized baroclinic instability to idealized tornado vortices. The FORTRAN and Python programming languages will be used. Prior programming experience is required, but not necessarily with these languages. (Irreg.)

METR 4330. Information Technology Skills for Meteorology.1-3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with 5330) Prerequisite: grade of C or better in CS 1313 or permission of instructor. May be repeated; maximum credit three hours. The use of computers and networks to process the information of meteorology. Workstation skills, computer operating systems, programming languages, the internet, computer graphics, analysis and display of meteorological data. No student may credit for both 4330 and 5330. (Irreg.)

METR 4403. Application of Meteorological Theory to Severe-Thunderstorm Forecasting.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with METR 5403) Prerequisite: majors only; METR 4424 with a grade of B or better or permission of instructor. This course provides an opportunity to bridge the academia and operational forecasting realms and provide an opportunity for students to learn from experienced meteorologist-forecasters who have performed research on a variety of topics. No student may earn credit for both 4403 and 5403. (Sp)

METR G4424. Synoptic Meteorology Laboratory.4 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in 3123 and 3223. This course is a lecture/laboratory course designed to provide students a physical understanding of atmospheric principles. Students are challenged to explain theoretical concepts and to demonstrate a mastery in understanding various physical processes including the theory and practice of weather analysis and forecasting, surface and upper air analysis, fronts and wave cyclones, satellite meteorology, sounding analysis, thermodynamic diagram, cross sections, forecasting, NMC models, MOS, radar meteorology, and severe weather. Communications skills are emphasized. (F)

METR G4433. Mesoscale Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in 4133, 4424. Structure and dynamics of convective and mesoscale phenomena including: mesoscale convective systems, severe thunderstorms, tornadoes, low-level jets, mountain waves and hurricanes. Discussion of the general behavior, characteristics, and dynamics of the formation and development of these phenomena, and the types of weather and hazards they produce. (Sp)

METR 4443. Introduction to Tropical Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with 5443) Prerequisite: senior standing in Meteorology or permission of instructor. Introduces students to the weather and climate of the tropics. Material presented will include an overview of tropical weather, basic physics of air-sea interaction and the attendant effects on tropical weather. No student may earn credit for both 4443 and 5443. (Irreg.)

METR 4491. Weather Briefing.1 Credit Hour.

(Slashlisted with 5491) Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in 3113, 3213. Students prepare and present daily weather briefing. The briefing should demonstrate ability to synthesize current weather information on all scales, prepare a forecast and communicate this clearly and succinctly to an audience. Can be repeated for credit up to four hours. No student may earn credit for both 4491 and 5491. (F, Sp)

METR 4523. Climate and the General Circulation.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in MATH 2443, MATH 3413, PHYS 2524, and METR 4233. Characterizes the climate of the Earth's atmosphere qualitatively and quantitatively, with a focus on large-scale dynamics and the general circulation. Applies the gained knowledge of the climate system and climate modeling to understand global climate change and climate variability in the past, present, and future. Required of all meteorology majors during their fourth year of residence. (Sp)

METR 4533. Earth's Past Climate.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with METR 5533; Crosslisted with GEOL 4533) Prerequisite: senior or graduate standing, or permission of instructor. Explores earth's climate system, controls on climate change, and evolution of climate history through geologic time as deciphered from climate proxies. No student may earn credit for both 4533 and 5533. (F)

METR 4543. Global Climate Change.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with METR 5543) Prerequisite: One of the following: METR 1014, METR 2013, METR 2603, METR 2903, CEES 1112, GEOG 1114, GEOG 1203, GEOG 3023, GEOL 1034, GEOL 1104, GEOL 1114, GEOL 2014, or permission or instructor. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change assesses the scientific and socio-economic information relevant for understanding the risk of human-induced climate change. This interdisciplinary class will use readings, student-led presentations and roundtable discussions of the in-situ observations, as well as modeling of the atmosphere, oceans, ice, carbon, clouds and radiative forcing to understand the next 100-years of climate change. No student may earn credit for both 4543 and 5543. (Sp)

METR 4553. Climate and Renewable Energy.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with METR 5553) Prerequisite: junior standing. Examines the science and technical aspects of solar, wind, hydro, and biomass power systems. Targets students interested in environmental science. Emphasis is on the key role of climate in determining where each of these systems is most likely to provide feasible alternatives to energy generated by fossil fuels. No student may earn credit for both 4553 and 5553. (Sp)

METR 4603. Micrometeorological Measurements.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with 5603) Prerequisites: grade of C or better in 3613, 3213, 3113, and Math 3113 or 3413. Introduction into micrometeorological research topics with strong emphasis on instrumentation. Provides hands-on experience in micrometeorological instrumentation, data acquisition and analysis. The structure of the atmospheric boundary layer and the influence of vegetation and buildings on small-scale meteorological conditions are studied. Theoretical concepts are verified against observations from a micrometeorological tower. No student may earn credit for both 4603 and 5603. (Irreg.)

METR 4624. Radar Meteorology.4 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in 3223, 3613, Mathematics 3413 or 3113. Develops quantitative relationships between physical characteristics of targets illuminated by a pulse of electromagnetic energy and the quantities measured by weather radar. Capabilities and limitations of radar designs are studied relative to meteorological applications. Doppler principles, including interpretation of data, are provided. Polarimetric and phased array radar are introduced. Experience is gained in hands-on exercises with weather radars and computer based labs. (Sp)

METR G4633. Hydrometeorology.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with METR 5633) Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in METR 3123, METR 3223 or permission of instructor. Interdisciplinary emphasis on mesoscale precipitation processes, applications of new hydrometeorological observing systems, and on the interactions between meteorology and hydrology during flood events. No student may earn credit for both 4633 and 5633. (Irreg.)

METR 4653. Air Pollution Meteorology and Modeling.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with 5653) Prerequisite: grade of C or better in 3113, 3213. Presents an overview of atmospheric dispersion problems and relevant weather systems with an emphasis on processes in the atmospheric boundary layer. Basic concepts and theories of turbulent transport and mixing are introduced and different dispersion theories and modeling approaches are discussed. No student may earn credit for both 4653 and 5653. (Irreg.)

METR 4663. Radar Engineering.3 Credit Hours.

(Crosslisted with ECE 4663; Slashlisted with 5663) Prerequisite: grade of C or better in Electrical and Computer Engineering 3613, or permission. Introduction to radar system designs and applications with emphasis on weather radar. Radar system architecture and their functionalities and limitations of subsystems are discussed. Theories of radar detection and estimation in a noisy and cluttered environment; existing technologies and advanced techniques to improve radar performance. No student may earn credit in both 4663 and 5663. (F)

METR 4713. Private Sector Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: senior standing in Meteorology. An overview of private sector meteorology in the United States. Designed to build background knowledge, foster the use of higher-order analytical skills, and further develop communication and presentation skills. The course includes lectures, directed readings, visiting local private sector companies, interviews with practicing meteorologists, and the development of a portfolio about a private sector meteorological company. Students gain experience in applying their meteorological knowledge to a practical problem as might be encountered in professional practice. No student may earn credit for both 4713 and 5713. (Irreg.)

METR 4743. Applications of Weather Forecasting.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: METR 2013 or instructor permission. The course will focus on introducing students to various types of weather forecasts, and how those weather forecasts are created. (F, Sp)

METR G4803. Selected Topics in Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. May be repeated with change of subject matter; maximum credit 12 hours. Topics may include aspects of atmospheric dynamics and severe-storm forecasting, experimental design, economic meteorology, weather modification, climate, radiation, aviation weather, etc. (Irreg.)

METR 4911. Senior Seminar (Capstone).1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in 3123, 3223. With 4922, satisfies Capstone course requirement. The instructor will guide senior meteorology majors through planning of a research project. Interdisciplinary topics are encouraged and library work will be required. Students will be paired with regular or adjunct faculty mentors. Senior doctoral students may serve as mentors with permission from the instructor. The result of 4911 will be a mini-proposal which will serve as a guide for the senior research project. In addition, the instructor may present professional skills useful during job search, early employment, and graduate school application and attendance. Note that METR 4922 should be taken following this course. (F, Sp) [V].

METR 4913. Senior Seminar.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: grade of C or better in 3113 and 3223. Satisfies the capstone course requirement. The instructor will guide senior meteorology majors on a research project. Interdisciplinary topics will be encouraged and library work is required. Students will complete written and oral presentations of a senior thesis. (F, Sp) [V].

METR 4922. Senior Seminar II (Capstone).2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in 3123, 3223, 4911. with 4911, satisfies the Capstone course requirement. The instructor will guide students as they follow the research plan established in the mini-proposal completed in METR 4911. Library work will continue to be required with development of research methodology and analysis of results. Students will continue to work with faculty (senior doctoral student) mentors. The culmination of the two-course Capstone sequence will be a written and oral presentation of the senior thesis. The skills learned in Capstone I and II will be useful whether the student is employed in academia, government, or the private sector. (F, Sp) [V].

METR 4960. Directed Readings.1-4 Credit Hours.

1 to 4 hours. Prerequisite: good standing in University; permission of instructor and dean. May be repeated; maximum credit four hours. Designed for upper-division students who need opportunity to study a specific problem in greater depth than formal course content permits. (Irreg.)

METR 4970. Special Topics/Seminar.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: Senior standing or permission of instructor. May be repeated; maximum credit nine hours. Special topics or seminar course for content not currently offered in regularly scheduled courses. May include library and/or laboratory research and field projects. (Irreg.)

METR 4990. Special Problems in Meteorology.1-4 Credit Hours.

1 to 4 hours. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. May be repeated with change of subject matter. (F, Sp, Su)

METR 5004. Fundamentals of Atmospheric Science.4 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: graduate standing in a meteorology, physical science, or engineering program, MATH 3113 or MATH 3413 or permission of instructor. Provides a rigorous survey of the fundamental concepts in the atmospheric sciences relevant to weather, climate and atmospheric chemistry. The course is designed to provide sufficient background knowledge so that the students will be prepared to successfully undertake more specialized graduate coursework in meteorology. Graduate students in fields closely related to meteorology, such as radar engineering and hydrology, will also benefit from knowledge of these concepts. (F)

METR 5103. Boundary Layer Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 3113, Mathematics 3113. Transfer processes near the earth's surface, turbulence, the planetary boundary layer, air mass modification, fog formation, pollutant transport.

METR 5113. Advanced Atmospheric Dynamics I.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Mathematics 4163 or permission of instructor. Basic fluid dynamics, equations of motion, vorticity dynamics, scale analysis, shallow water equations, linear wave dynamics, gravity waves, Rossby waves, quasi-geostrophic motions. (F)

METR 5123. Advanced Atmospheric Dynamics II.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 5113 or permission of instructor. Shallow water theory in a rotating reference frame, waves and instabilities, thermal convection and chaos, internal waves, anelastic approximation, baroclinic instability, symmetric instability and frontogenesis, general circulation of the atmosphere.

METR 5223. Atmospheric Radiation.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 3213, Mathematics 3113, or permission of instructor. Theory of radiative transfer, spectra of gaseous molecules, use of band models for radiative calculations, interaction of solar radiation with atmospheres, infrared radiative transfer in atmospheres, radiative cooling and heating, scattering, climate and radiation, remote sensing. (Sp)

METR 5233. Cloud and Precipitation Physics.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 3223, Mathematics 3113. Development of thermodynamical relationships and generalized Clausius-Clapeyron equation, phase diagrams, atmospheric aerosols, review of hydrodynamics of flow past particles, collision and coalescence efficiency, theory of nucleation, precipitation growth, observations with radar, electrical state of the atmosphere. (F)

METR 5243. Atmospheric Electrodynamics.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Global electrical circuit, fair-weather electricity, storm electrification, charging mechanisms, electrical discharges, lightning, thunder, instrumentation and observing systems, meteorological applications.

METR 5303. Objective Analysis.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: METR 4133, MATH 3113 or MATH 3413, or equivalent. Introduction to techniques used in objective analysis of meteorological data; polynomial fitting; method of successive corrections; weighting functions; statistical methods; optimum interpolation; filter design; four-dimensional data assimilation. (F)

METR 5313. Statistical Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Offers specialized topics in statistical meteorology such as the role of probability and statistics in decision making, interplay between experimental design and the physics of an underlying problem, sampling techniques, graphical presentation of data and model building. Emphasis will be placed on computational aspects for meteorological data. No student may earn credit for both 4313 and 5313. (F)

METR 5323. Time Series Analysis I.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Mathematics 4733 or 4753, computer programming. Data collected from geophysical phenomena are considered as stochastic processes. The resulting time series are decomposed into autovariance spectra using Fourier, autocovariance and autoregressive methods. The spectra are interpreted from the viewpoint of estimation theory. Applications and practical aspects of these methods are examined. (Irreg.)

METR 5330. Information Technology Skills for Meteorology.1-3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with 4330) Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in Computer Science 1313 or permission of instructor. May be repeated; maximum credit three hours. The use of computers and networks to process the information of meteorology. Workstation skills, computer operating systems, programming languages, the Internet, computer graphics, analysis and display of meteorological data. No student may earn credit for both 4330 and 5330. (Irreg.)

METR 5343. Introduction to Earth System Dynamics.3 Credit Hours.

(Crosslisted with GIS 5343) Prerequisite: MATH 3113 and PHYS 2524 with a grade of C or better, or permission of instructor. Using simple numerical models this course introduces concepts from systems dynamics to better describe and understand the Earth System. Systems dynamics topics will include Lovelock's daisy world, simple radiation budget climate models, the global carbon cycle, flocking of birds and other animals, and synchronization of the emergence of seven-year locusts, all from a holistic systems perspective. (F)

METR 5344. Computational Fluid Dynamics I.4 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 3113 or Engineering 3223; Engineering 3723; Mathematics 3123; permission of instructor. Application of fine difference, spectral, and semi-Lagrangian methods to multidimensional Newtonian fluid flow problems, including well-posedness, consistency, stability, convergence, accuracy, boundary conditions, conservation, grid systems, and filtering. In addition, code development practices and the use of high-performance vector and parallel supercomputers will be addressed.

METR 5353. Parameterization Schemes for Numerical Weather Prediction.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. This course provides a thorough overview of the sub-grid scale physical process parameterization schemes used in numerical models and how these schemes influence numerical forecasts of the weather. Various well-known parameterization schemes for mesoscale and cloud-scale models are reviewed and studied. (Irreg.)

METR 5373. Resampling/Permutation Statistics.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 4303 or Mathematics 4753 and Computer Science 1313 or 1323, or permission of instructor. This course is designed to illustrate how to extract additional information from a data set. With the advent of high-speed, inexpensive computers, tools are now readily available to researchers for just this purpose. These tools will be introduced, described and put to use by the students during this course. Topics include an introduction to the s-plus statistical package, random samples and probability, standard errors and estimated standard errors, bootstrap estimate of standard error, the parametric bootstrap, bootstrap failure, resampling applied regression models, the jackknife, confidence intervals, permutation tests, hypothesis testing, cross-validation, adaptive estimation and assessing errors. (Irreg.)

METR 5403. Applications of Meteorological Theory to Severe-Thunderstorm Forecasting.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with METR 4403) Prerequisite: graduate standing and department permission. This course provides an opportunity to bridge the academia and operational forecasting realms and provide an opportunity for students to learn from experienced meteorologist-forecasters who have performed research on a variety of topics. No student may earn credit for both 4403 and 5403. (Sp)

METR 5413. Advanced Synoptic Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 4133, 4424, 5113 or permission of instructor. Theory and application of quasi-geostrophic dynamics, Q-vectors and isentropic potential vorticity, diagnostic studies of mid-latitude synoptic-scale systems, mesoscale structure of precipitation, structure and dynamics of fronts and jets. (Sp)

METR 5433. Advanced Statistical Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: senior standing or graduate standing and permission of instructor. Data analysis is a routine part of many types of research in the atmospheric sciences. As such, having the right set of tools and prowess on how to use those tools is an important part to understanding the statistical and dynamical behavior of the climate system. (F, Sp)

METR 5443. Introduction to Tropical Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Introduces students to the weather and climate of the tropics. Material presented will include an overview of tropical weather, basic physics of air-sea interaction and the attendant effects on tropical weather. No student may earn credit for both 4443 and 5443. (Irreg.)

METR 5453. Advanced Tropical Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 5443 or permission of instructor. Designed to provide comprehensive observational, dynamical and modeling material on the global tropical atmosphere, but with special emphasis on the Atlantic and east Pacific hurricane basin. (F)

METR 5491. Weather Briefing.1 Credit Hour.

(Slashlisted with 4491) Prerequisite: graduate standing, permission of instructor. Can be repeated for credit; maximum credit four hours. Students prepare and present daily weather briefing. The briefing should demonstrate ability to synthesize current weather information on all scales, prepare a forecast and communicate this clearly and succinctly to an audience. No student may earn credit for both 4491 and 5491. (F, Sp)

METR 5503. Climate Dynamics.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 5113. Survey of past climates; climate variability; heat and water budgets of the atmosphere, oceans and land surfaces; the general circulation; climate modeling.

METR 5523. Advanced Mathematical Methods in Science and Engineering.3 Credit Hours.

(Crosslisted with CH E 5523) Prerequisite: Mathematics 2443 and Chemical Engineering 3113. Scale and vector field theory. Ordinary and partial differential equations. Matrix algebra. Complex analysis. (F)

METR 5533. Earth's Past Climate.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with METR 4533; Crosslisted with GEOL 5533) Prerequisite: senior or graduate standing, or permission of instructor. Explores earth's climate system, controls on climate change, and evolution of climate history through geologic time as deciphered from climate proxies. No student may earn credit for both 4533 and 5533. (F)

METR 5543. Global Climate Change.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with METR 4543) Prerequisite: permission of instructor. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change assesses the scientific and socio-economic information relevant for understanding the risk of human-induced climate change. This interdisciplinary class will use readings, student-led presentations and roundtable discussions of the in-situ observations, as well as modeling of the atmosphere, oceans, ice, carbon, clouds and radiative forcing to understand the next 100-years of climate change. No student may earn credit for both 4543 and 5543. (Sp)

METR 5553. Climate and Renewable Energy.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with METR 4553) Prerequisite: Mathematics 1503. Examines the science and technical aspects of solar, wind, hydro, and biomass power systems. Targets students interested in environmental science. Emphasis is on the key role of climate in determining where each of these systems is most likely to provide feasible alternatives to energy generated by fossil fuels. No student may earn credit for both 4553 and 5553. (Sp)

METR 5603. Micrometeorological Measurements.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with 4603) Prerequisite: Mathematics 3113 or permission of instructor. Performance of measurement systems used to obtain meteorological observations. Includes systems for synoptic observations and special purpose systems for micro-meteorology, air pollution, etc. Effect of static, dynamic, sampling, round-off, and truncation error on data quality; comparison of analog and digital recording techniques. Laboratory (Irreg.)

METR 5633. Hydrometeorology.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with METR 4633) Prerequisite: graduate standing. Hydrometeorology is part of meteorology directly concerned with hydrologic problems, such as forecasting and observing heavy precipitation and floods and how such features impact flood control, hydroelectric power, irrigation and similar fields of engineering and water resource management. No student may earn credit for both 4633 and 5633. (Irreg.)

METR 5653. Air Pollution Meteorology and Modeling.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with 4653) Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in 3113 and 3213. Presents an overview of atmospheric dispersion problems and relevant weather systems with an emphasis on processes in the atmospheric boundary layer. Basic concepts and theories of turbulent transport and mixing are introduced and different dispersion theories and modeling approaches are discussed. No student may earn credit for both 4653 and 5653. (Irreg.)

METR 5663. Radar Engineering.3 Credit Hours.

(Crosslisted with ECE 5663; Slashlisted with 4663) Prerequisite: grade of C or better in Electrical and Computer Engineering 3613, or permission. Introduction to radar system designs and applications with emphasis on weather radar. Radar system architecture and their functionalities and limitations of subsystems are discussed. Theories of radar detection and estimation in a noisy and cluttered environment; existing technologies and advanced techniques to improve radar performance. No student may earn credit in both 4663 and 5663. (F)

METR 5673. Weather Radar Theory and Practice.3 Credit Hours.

(Crosslisted with ECE 5673) Prerequisite: grade of C or better in Mathematics 3113 and Physics 2524 or permission. This course provides an introduction to electromagnetic waves and propagation through the atmosphere, radar design trade-offs, antennas, transmitters, and coherent receivers. Analysis of radar signals as noise-corrupted stochastic processes, with emphasis on digital signal processing for Doppler spectrum and moment estimation. Implementation of processing algorithms using actual Doppler radar data. (F)

METR 5683. Weather Radar Applications.3 Credit Hours.

(Crosslisted with ECE 5683) Prerequisite: Graduate standing in Meteorology or Engineering, or permission of instructor. Interpretation of meteorological structures using weather radar. Introduces scatter from hydrometeors and refractive index variations. Presentation of quantitative precipitation estimation methods based on the radar reflectivity factor, attenuation, and dual-polarization observations. Also includes the fundamental concepts of clear-air echoes and the estimation of winds under non-precipitation conditions. (Sp)

METR 5713. Private Sector Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: graduate standing in Meteorology. An overview of private sector meteorology in the United States. Designed to build background knowledge, foster the use of higher-order analytical skills, and further develop communication and presentation skills. The course includes lectures, directed readings, visiting local private sector companies, interviews with practicing meteorologists, and the development of a portfolio about a private sector meteorological company. Students gain experience in applying their meteorological knowledge to a practical problem as might be encountered in professional practice. No student may earn credit for both 4713 and 5713. (Irreg.)

METR 5803. Topics in Applied Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. May be repeated with change of subject matter; maximum credit 12 hours. Application of meteorological concepts and information to current environmental and meteorological problems on any scale.

METR 5960. Directed Readings.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: graduate standing and permission of department. May be repeated; maximum credit twelve hours. Directed readings and/or literature reviews under the direction of a faculty member. (F, Sp, Su)

METR 5970. Special Topics/Seminar.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. May be repeated; maximum credit nine hours. Special topics or seminar course for content not currently offered in regularly scheduled courses. May include library and/or laboratory research and field projects. (Irreg.)

METR 5980. Research for Master's Thesis.2-9 Credit Hours.

Variable enrollment, two to nine hours; maximum credit applicable toward degree, four hours. (F, Sp, Su)

METR 5990. Independent Study.1-4 Credit Hours.

1 to 4 hours. Prerequisite: graduate standing, permission of instructor. May be repeated with change of subject matter; maximum credit eight hours for master's degree students. Individual research problems in meteorology, climatology, hydrometeorology, and other areas of the atmospheric and earth sciences. (Irreg.)

METR 6103. Turbulence.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 5113, Mathematics 3113, 3123 or equivalents. Introduction to the evolution, structure and effects of turbulent flow. Learn to use a variety of theoretical and practical tools of discovery and analysis.

METR 6223. Convective Clouds and Storms.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 5113 or equivalent. Anelastic and Boussinesq equations; Benard convection; plume models; parameterization of cloud microphysics; three-dimensional models; Doppler radar analysis; observations of severe thunderstorms and tornadoes. (Irreg.)

METR 6313. Advanced Data Assimilation Methods: Ensemble Kalman Filter Techniques and Applications.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Introduction to ensemble Kalman data assimilation techniques (EnKF). Students learn the most popular EnKF techniques through lectures and hands-on project assignments, and also develop skill in scientific thinking and synthesis, written and oral communication and programming throughout the course. (Irreg.)

METR 6333. Numerical Weather Prediction.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 5344 or permission of instructor. Development of accurate, reliable and efficient numerical models for the prediction of weather of all types and scales. Models currently in operation at weather centers in the U.S. and internationally will be analyzed. Students will develop their own code for some simple models to gain hands-on experience. (Sp)

METR 6413. Topics in Advanced Mesoscale Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 5113. Research topics in the areas of cyclogenesis, frontogenesis and mesoscale systems. Topics include "IPV thinking" and its application to cyclogenesis; trapped gravity currents and Kelvin waves; the dryline; rainbands in extratropical cyclones; air-sea instability; topographically induced eddies; generalization of the frontogenetical function.

METR 6613. Weather Radar Polarimetry.3 Credit Hours.

(Crosslisted with ECE 6613) Prerequisite: graduate standing. Provides fundamentals and principles of weather radar polarimetry through understanding wave scattering and propagation in geophysical media subject to turbulent mixing and filled with hydrometeors and other objects. The relations between polarimetric radar observables and physical parameters will be established. The methods and algorithms for retrieving cloud and precipitation microphysics for weather quantification and forecast will be introduced. (F)

METR 6803. Advanced Selected Topics in Meteorology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: at least 12 hours of graduate work in meteorology or equivalent, permission of instructor. May be repeated with change of subject matter; maximum credit 12 hours. Topics are drawn from areas of atmospheric physics and dynamics of severe storm forecasting, experimental design, eco-meteorology, weather modification or engineering meteorology. (Irreg.)

METR 6902. Professional Perspectives in Meteorology.2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing. This is a course presented in discussion format to develop the professional preparation of Ph.D. students. Course topics include: professional ethics; career planning; publishing papers, writing successful proposals, succeeding in academia; professional societies and national laboratories; dealing with the press and politicians, leadership and other aspects of the profession. (Irreg.)

METR 6950. Research for Doctoral Dissertation prior to the General Exam.2-16 Credit Hours.

2 to 16 hours. Prerequisite: graduate standing in Meteorology. May be repeated up to 14 times (2 credit hours per semester); 30 credit hours maximum. Applicable for research hours for pre general exam PhD students. (F, Sp, Su)

METR 6960. Directed Readings.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. May be repeated; maximum credit six hours. Directed readings and/or literature review under the direction of a faculty member. (Irreg.)

METR 6970. Seminar.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: graduate standing and permission. May be repeated with change of subject matter; maximum credit four hours for master's degree, or 10 hours for doctor's degree. (F, Sp)

METR 6980. Research for Doctoral Dissertation.2-16 Credit Hours.

(F, Sp, Su)

METR 6990. Special Problems.1-4 Credit Hours.

1 to 4 hours. Prerequisite: graduate standing, permission of instructor. May be repeated with change of subject matter; maximum credit 12 hours for doctoral students. Individual research problems in meteorology and related areas conducted under faculty supervision. (F, Sp, Su)