GEOL-Geology

This is an archived copy of the 2018-2019 catalog. To access the most recent version of the catalog, please visit http://ou-public.courseleaf.com.

GEOL 1003. Volcanoes and Earthquakes.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: high school chemistry and algebra. Worldwide distribution of volcanic and earthquake activity; types of volcanic eruptions and associated landforms and rocks; causes of and techniques for location of earthquakes; prediction of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes; social consequences of predictions and actual volcanic and earthquake activity. (F, Sp) [II-NL] .

GEOL 1013. Global Environmental Change.3 Credit Hours.

Relationship between humanity and the environment from an intellectual and historical perspective. Principle of progress and the Industrial Revolution, the Enlightenment and Francis Bacon, the noble savage, conservation and land ethics. Malthusians and Cornucopians, the Gaia Hypothesis, risk analysis, global warming, fossil fuels and alternative energy sources. (Sp)

GEOL 1024. The History of the Earth and Life.4 Credit Hours.

The origin of the Earth and solar system. Rocks and minerals; geologic time; plate tectonics and continental drift. The ocean-atmosphere system; climate change over time; biological evolution. The fossil record of early life; the "Cambrian Explosion" of life in the oceans; invertebrate animals and their geological history. Geological history of fishes; evolution of plants. Terrestrial vertebrates, including dinosaurs and mammals. Mass extinctions; human evolution; impact of human activities on the global environment and the biosphere. No student may earn credit for both GEOL 1024 and GEOL 1124. (Sp) [II-LAB].

GEOL 1033. Earth, Energy, Environment.3 Credit Hours.

Exploring human utilization of Earth's geological energy resources; formation and composition, extraction and use, and environmental impacts. The primary focus will be geologically sourced fuels (oil, gas, shale gas / fracking/ earthquakes, tar sands), coal, nuclear, geothermal, etc.); discussion of renewables (solar, wind, etc.) will also be included. (Sp) [II-NL].

GEOL 1034. Native Science and Earth Systems of North America.4 Credit Hours.

(Crosslisted with METR 1034) Examines Earth systems of North America using both indigenous and Western perspectives, and an Earth science approach. This team-taught course will utilize a combination of geology, geography, meteorology, and Native American sciences, as expressed through the use of art. (Sp) [II-LAB].

GEOL 1104. The Dynamic Earth (Geology for non-Science Majors).4 Credit Hours.

Introduction to the fundamentals of geology and their application to land-use, groundwater, mineral use and fossil fuel problems facing society. Several guest lecturers from industry and state and federal surveys will contribute to the content of the course. Laboratory fee. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Laboratory. (F, Sp) [II-LAB] .

GEOL 1114. Physical Geology for Science and Engineering Majors.4 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: equivalent knowledge of high school chemistry, algebra and trigonometry. Laboratory included. Plate tectonics, the makeup of continents and mountain building. Heat flow, magnetism, gravity, rock deformation, earthquakes and the earth's interior. Surface processes including weathering, erosion, transport and deposition. Landforms, rivers, groundwater, glaciers, ocean processes, and volcanoes. Minerals and rocks. Application of geology to land-use, groundwater, mineral and fossil fuel exploration. Laboratory. (F, Sp) [II-LAB] .

GEOL 1124. Earth History.4 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: none; 1114 helpful but not required. Laboratory included; field trip. Physical history of the earth from its origin as a planet through the Great Ice age. Origin and growth of continents and ocean basins. Systematic survey of the history of continents with emphasis on North America: growth and leveling of mountain chains, rift valleys, transgressions and regressions of seas; continental fragmentation, assembly and relative motions. Plate tectonics, particularly as it relates to continent history. Climate and evolutionary changes through geologic time. Principles and methods used to interpret earth history and date rocks. Geologic time. Laboratory includes historical studies of specific regions; study of maps and fossils. Laboratory (F, Sp)

GEOL 1203. The Age of Dinosaurs.3 Credit Hours.

(Crosslisted with BIOL 1203) Introduction to basic principles and theories in biology (evolution, systematics, vertebrate morphology and relationships) and geology (geologic time, earth history, plate tectonics, sedimentation and stratigraphy), focusing on the evolutionary history of Dinosauria. May not be counted for major coursework in Biology or Geology. (F) [II-NL] .

GEOL 2014. The Earth System.4 Credit Hours.

(Crosslisted with AGSC 2014) An integrated overview of earth sciences emphasizing earth materials, the oceans and atmosphere, the solar system, and earth's evolution. The interrelationship among the different earth systems will be emphasized. Topics will be explored through a learning-cycle approach. The lab component includes both in-class experiments and one field-based research project. Laboratory (Sp) [II-LAB] .

GEOL 2224. Introduction to Mineral Sciences.4 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: CHEM 1315, MATH 1914 or 2423 and any 1000-level GEOL course. Main topics include crystal chemistry, optical properties and identification of minerals utilizing the petrographic microscope, mineral stability, crystal symmetry, and an introduction to the rock-forming minerals and their environments of formation. Laboratory (F, Sp)

GEOL 2970. Special Topics.1-3 Credit Hours.

GEOL 3003. Structural Geology and Stratigraphy for Petroleum Engineers.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 1114, Physics 2524 or concurrent enrollment. Treatment of structural and stratigraphic geology with an emphasis on aspects of importance to petroleum engineering. Includes an investigation of mechanical principles relating to the earth's crust, descriptive study of nomenclature, causes of tectonic deformation, sedimentary processes and environments, and stratigraphic principles. Laboratory. (Sp)

GEOL 3013. The Geology of Oklahoma.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of instructor. Provides an overview of geology emphasizing earth materials, surface processes, natural hazards, and the earth's evolution using Oklahoma as our natural laboratory. The course emphasizes problem solving and includes impact of anthropogenic changes and resources extraction. Required field trip. Grading based on exams, research paper and in-class exercises. (F) [II-NL].

GEOL 3023. The Geology of Natural Resources in Sub-Saharan Africa.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Junior standing and one Natural Science General Education course 1000-level or higher, or instructor permission. Content will include the carbon cycle, rock/tectonic cycle, and water/climate cycle. Students will explore, through data analysis, processes that lead to the formation, distribution and variation of fossil fuels, mineral deposits, and lake and grassland ecosystems. These concepts will be highlighted through Oil/Gas Development, Mineral Mining, Land-use and Climate Change. (Fall) (F) [II-NL].

GEOL 3033. Earth Resources and the Environment.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisites: junior standing or permission of instructor. A geological perspective on Earth's water, energy, soil, and mineral resources, including their past, present, and potential future impact on society. By examining intersections between Earth resources and society, we will investigate the nature of science, role of science and scientists in society, evaluate scientific versus non-scientific sources of information, and communicate appropriately using scientific sources of information. (Sp) [II-NS].

GEOL 3114. Structural Geology.4 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 2224, Physics 2524 or concurrent enrollment. An introduction to the concepts of stress, strain, the mechanisms of rock deformation, the mechanics of folding and fracturing, and description of structural styles in various tectonic settings. Laboratory. (F)

GEOL 3123. Introductory Field Geology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 2224, 3114, and 3223 or 3233, or permission (completed laboratory). Techniques of geologic fieldwork including: measuring stratigraphic sections, airphoto analysis, mapping, total station, writing reports. Course includes 10-12 field days in Oklahoma (during weekends) and a weekly laboratory. Students will be charged transportation costs. (Sp)

GEOL 3154. Environmental Geology.4 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEOL 1104 or GEOL 1114 or permission. Focuses on the reciprocal interactions between human activities and geological processes, especially soil properties, resource utilization, and geological hazards. Laboratory provides an introduction to techniques and skills relevant to environmental geology. Laboratory; field trip. (Sp)

GEOL 3223. Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 2224 or permission. Laboratory included. Field trip; students will be charged transportation costs. Generation, emplacement and crystallization of magma; phase chemistry; principles of igneous rock classification; the relationship of magma types to geologic setting. Principles of metamorphic petrology; phase chemistry and metamorphic reactions; concepts of metamorphic grade, P-T regimes and relationships to geologic environments; concepts of protoliths and provenance. Laboratory study of the textures, structures and mineral assemblages of igneous and metamorphic rocks utilizing hand specimens and thin sections. Laboratory. (Sp)

GEOL 3233. Sedimentary Petrology and Sedimentology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 2224 or permission. Laboratory included. Field trip; students will be charged transportation costs. Origin, evolution and interpretation of sedimentary rocks with an emphasis on terrigenous systems; interpretation of mineralogy, textures and structures of terrigenous clastic and carbonate rocks in hand specimen and thin section. Laboratory. (Sp)

GEOL 3333. Geowriting.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: English 1113 and English 1213 or Expository Writing 1213. Provides student with the information and skills needed to effectively communicate as professional geoscientists. Students will actively engage in writing and scientific communication exercises through in-class activities, weekly assignments, and semester-long projects. Substitutes for English 3153. (alt. F)

GEOL 3440. Mentored Research Experience.3 Credit Hours.

0 to 3 hours. Prerequisites: ENGL 1113 or equivalent, and permission of instructor. May be repeated; maximum credit 12 hours. For the inquisitive student to apply the scholarly processes of the discipline to a research or creative project under the mentorship of a faculty member. Student and instructor should complete an Undergraduate Research & Creative Projects (URCP) Mentoring Agreement and file it with the URCP office. Not for honors credit. (F, Sp, Su)

GEOL 3513. Fundamentals of Invertebrate Paleontology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEOL 1114 or GEOL 1024 or BIOL 1114 or permission of instructor. Fossil preservation and bias in the fossil record. Ontogeny and growth of invertebrates. Interpretation of the life habits of fossil organisms, with case histories from invertebrates and vertebrates. Speciation and macroevolution. Paleoecology of marine communities. Mass extinctions in the fossil record. Biostratigraphy. Laboratory covers classification, morphology and ecology of the major invertebrate fossil groups. Laboratory (F)

GEOL 3633. Introduction to Oceanography.3 Credit Hours.

General survey of the scientific framework of the four specializations of the oceanographic study - biological, chemical, geological/geophysical and physical oceanography. Applications of ocean research to social and economic problems; interrelations between the ocean disciplines and other fields of study. (Sp) [II-NL] .

GEOL 3960. Honors Reading.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: admission to Honors Program. May be repeated; maximum credit six hours. Consists of topics designated by the instructor in keeping with the student's major program. Covers topics not usually presented in the regular courses. (F, Sp, Su)

GEOL 3970. Honors Seminar.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: admission to Honors Program. May be repeated; maximum credit six hours. Subjects covered vary. Deals with concepts not usually treated in regular courses. (Irreg.)

GEOL 3980. Honors Research.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: Admission to Honors Program. May be repeated; maximum credit six hours. Will provide an opportunity for the gifted Honors candidate to work at a special project in the student's field. (F, Sp, Su)

GEOL 3990. Independent Study.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: permission of instructor and junior standing. May be repeated once with change of content. Independent study may be arranged to study a subject not available through regular course offerings. (F, Sp, Su)

GEOL 4001. Colloquium Series.1 Credit Hour.

Prerequisite: Departmental Permission. May be repeated for credit, maximum credit 9 hours. Departmental seminar series which will host a new guest lecturer, faculty member or student presenter each week. These lectures will provide greater exposure to scholarly work within the field of Geology and Geophysics, along with providing a platform for discussion and department interaction. All department scholarship students are required to enroll in this course each semester. (F, Sp)

GEOL 4113. Depositional Systems and Stratigraphy.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with GEOL 5113) Prerequisite: Senior Standing, GEOL 3233, and GEOL 3114 or concurrent enrollment. Basic stratigraphic principles as well as reconstruction of ancient depositional systems. The controls (climatic, tectonic, eustatic) on deposition of stratigraphic sequences, stratigraphic completeness, biostratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy, and sequence stratigraphy. Field trip; students will be charged transportation costs. No student may earn credit for both 4113 and 5113. Laboratory. (F)

GEOL 4133. Petroleum Geology for Geoscientists.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEOL 3233 and GEOL 3114, majors only. Addresses the origin and distribution of conventional and unconventional petroleum resources, the petroleum system, source rocks, traps and seals, reservoir rock properties, and exploration and development methods. (F)

GEOL 4136. Field Geology.6 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 3123; senior standing or permission. A six-week summer course held at the Oklahoma Geology Camp at Canon City, Colorado. Applications of field techniques, including use of aerial photographs, construction of geological maps and geophysical methods, to the recognition and interpretation of geologic phenomena. (Su) [V] .

GEOL 4143. Petroleum Geology for Business Majors.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 1104 or 1114. The integration of several fields of geology with geochemistry, geophysics, and engineering to provide an overview of the science and technology used in the exploration for and development of oil and natural gas fields. Briefly covers historical development of petroleum geology, amount and location of the world's major oil and gas reserves, and future potential for conventional and non-conventional hydrocarbon resources. (F)

GEOL 4204. Vertebrate Paleobiology.4 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with 5204; Crosslisted with BIOL 4204) Prerequisite: BIOL 1114 and 1121, or 1124, or 1134, or permission of instructor. Systematics, relationships, zoogeography and evolutionary morphology of the major groups of vertebrates. Field trips. Laboratory. No student may earn credit for both 4204 and 5204. (Sp)

GEOL 4213. Earth System History.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 4113 or concurrent enrollment; or permission of instructor. Provides an earth system perspective to earth history that emphasizes tectonic, climatic and biotic interactions throughout geologic time. No student may earn credit for both 4213 and 5213. (F)

GEOL 4223. Principles of Geochemistry (Slashlisted with 5223).3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 2224, Chemistry 1315, and 1415. Experience with calculus recommended. Overview of major topics in geochemistry, emphasizing thermodynamics and kinetics within the context of natural systems. Additional topics will include nucleosynthesis and cosmochemistry, bulk Earth geochemistry, chemistry and bonding of natural materials, solutions and mineral solubility, redox processes, interfacial geochemistry, and isotope geochemistry. No student may earn credit for both 4223 and 5223. Laboratory (Alt. Sp)

GEOL G4233. Subsurface Methods.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: GEOL 4133 and majors only. Addresses the concepts and methods of subsurface petroleum analysis. The petroleum system is evaluated through geological, petrophysical, subsurface mapping, and 3-D reservoir modeling methods using drill cuttings, core, well logs, production data, and 3-D seismic data. (Sp)

GEOL 4373. History of Geology.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with 5373) Prerequisite: junior standing. History of science and the scientific method with an emphasis on geology. Greek science, scholasticism, Copernican revolution Francis Bacon, principle of uniformity, evolution, continental drift, climate, progress. Discussion of writings by Plato, Geike, Kuhn, Popper, Chamberlin, Gilbert, Hubbert and others. No student may earn credit for both 4373 and 5373. (F) [IV-WC] .

GEOL 4513. Evolutionary Paleobiology.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with 5513) Prerequisite: 3513. Evolutionary patterns in the fossil record. Time resolution and bias in fossil assemblages. Taxonomic diversity and community replacement over geologic time. Mass extinctions and evolutionary radiations. Heterochrony and evolution. Application of methods in biosystematics to fossils, including computer-based techniques. No student may earn credit for both 4513 and 5513. (Alt. Sp)

GEOL 4533. Earth's Past Climate.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with GEOL 5533; Crosslisted with METR 4533) Prerequisite: senior or graduate standing, or permission of instructor. Explores earth's climate system, controls on climate change, and evolution of climate history through geologic time as deciphered from climate proxies. No student may earn credit for both 4533 and 5533. (F)

GEOL G4633. Hydrogeology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: MATH 2924 or MATH 2443, PHYS 2524, senior standing in geology, or permission of instructor. Darcy's law, Hubbert's fluid potential, equations of groundwater flow. Physical properties of geologic materials and fluids. Free convection, compaction- and gravity-driven flow. Role of fluids in geologic phenomena, including mineralization, metamorphism, hydrocarbon migration, sedimentary diagenesis, faulting and earthquakes, paleomagnetism. Application of geologic and geophysical techniques to fluid flow problems. (F)

GEOL 4843. Economic Geology--Metallic Deposits.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with 5843) Prerequisite: GEOL 3114, GEOL 3223, and GEOL 3233. Introductory study of the important metallic ore deposits of the world; geology, origin and economic features of the deposits. No student may earn credit for both 4843 and 5843. (Irreg.)

GEOL 4923. Pegmatites.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with GEOL 5923) Prerequisite: GEOL 3223, CHEM 1415, and permission of instructor. Granitic pegmatites are the most complex rocks on earth. Class instructs students in the use of scientific methods, including historical background, working hypotheses, analytical methods, experimental test, and theory as they are utilized in solving the origins of pegmatites. No student may earn credit for both 4923 and 5923. (Sp)

GEOL 4960. Directed Readings.1-4 Credit Hours.

1 to 4 hours. Prerequisite: good standing in University; permission of instructor and dean. May be repeated; maximum credit four hours. Designed for upper-division students who need opportunity to study a specific problem in greater depth than formal course content permits. (Irreg.)

GEOL G4970. Seminar.3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: permission. May be repeated; maximum credit nine hours. (F, Sp)

GEOL 4983. Senior Thesis in Geology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: senior standing with a major in geology and permission. May not be repeated. Individual research of a geological topic selected by the student in consultation with the instructor. The project may involve fieldwork, theoretical analysis, computer modeling, and/or data analysis and interpretation, culminating in a written thesis. (F, Sp, Su)

GEOL 4990. Independent Study.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: three courses in general area to be studied; permission of instructor and department. May be repeated; maximum credit nine hours. Contracted independent study for topics not currently offered in regularly scheduled courses. Independent study may include library and/or laboratory research and field projects. (F, Sp, Su)

GEOL 5003. Diagenesis.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 26 hours of geology or geophysics or permission. Origin and interpretation of diagenetic features of sedimentary rocks, including porosity, permeability, fluid flow, compaction and cementation. Geochemical approaches are stressed. Laboratory. (Irreg.)

GEOL 5010. Paleomagnetism/Diagenesis Seminar.1-2 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Senior or graduate standing; GPHY 5364 suggested. Seminar includes presentations by the professor on research topics as well as presentations by students on papers they read. In addition, each student will also make at least one presentation on their research. Also, students will work through a self-instruction lab with the microscopes. Focuses on recognizing diagenetic features that are important for paleomagnetism. May be taken for a total of six credit hours. (F, Sp)

GEOL 5020. Sedimentology and Stratigraphy Seminar.1-3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: graduate standing. May be repeated with change of content; maximum credit twelve hours. Directed seminar on selected aspects of sedimentology and stratigraphy. (F, Sp)

GEOL 5113. Depositional Systems and Stratigraphy.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with GEOL 4113) Prerequisite: Graduate Standing, GEOL 3233, and GEOL 3114 or equivalent. Basic stratigraphic principles as well as reconstruction of ancient depositional systems. The controls (climatic, tectonic, eustatic) on deposition of stratigraphic sequences, stratigraphic completeness, biostratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy, and sequence stratigraphy. Field trip; students will be charged transportation costs. No student may earn credit for both 4113 and 5113. Laboratory. (F)

GEOL 5173. Clastic Facies.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 3233 or 4113 or equivalent. Bedforms, sedimentary structures, flow regime, intrinsic versus extrinsic controls on sedimentation, ancient depositional environments and depositional models (alluvial fan, fluvial, deltaic, lacustrine, eolian, shelf, etc.). (F)

GEOL 5204. Vertebrate Paleobiology.4 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with 4204; Crosslisted with BIOL 5204) Prerequisite: graduate standing and permission of instructor. Systematics, relationships, zoogeography, and evolutionary morphology of the major groups of vertebrates. Field trips. Laboratory. No student may earn credit for both 4204 and 5204. (Sp)

GEOL 5213. Earth System History.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Provides an earth system perspective to earth history that emphasizes tectonic, climatic and biotic interactions throughout geologic time. No student may earn credit for both 4213 and 5213. (F)

GEOL 5223. Principles of Geochemistry (Slashlisted with 4223).3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Overview of major topics in geochemistry, emphasizing thermodynamics and kinetics within the context of natural systems. Additional topics will include nucleosynthesis and cosmochemistry, bulk Earth geochemistry, chemistry and bonding of natural materials, solutions and mineral solubility, redox processes, interfacial geochemistry, and isotope geochemistry. No student may earn credit for both 4223 and 5223. Laboratory (Alt. Sp)

GEOL 5243. Electron Microbeam Methods.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with GEOL 4243) Prerequisite: graduate standing and permission of instructor. Provides the background necessary to effectively use electron microbeam (scanning electron microscope, electron microprobe) techniques to conduct spatial and compositional characterization of multi-component solid materials, to be achieved through lecture on operational theory coupled with applied (hands-on) utilization of a modern electron microprobe. Laboratory. No student may earn credit for both 4243 and 5243. (F)

GEOL 5343. Stable Isotope Geochemistry.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 1315, 1415; senior or graduate standing. Focuses on the stable isotopes of light elements (C, H, O, N, S) in the various processes that have resulted in their redistribution over geologic time. (Alt. F)

GEOL 5353. Carbonates and Sequence Stratigraphy.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: Senior undergraduate or graduate standing and permission of instructor. Sedimentology, sequence stratigraphy, paleo-climate, and reservoir attributes of Paleozoic carbonates (and associated eolian, fluvial and deep-water siliciclastics) of the classic Permian basin region. A highlight is a major field trip to world-class exposures in the Sacraments (NM) and Guadalupe (TX) mountains. (Irreg.)

GEOL 5363. Carbonate Geology.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: 26 hours of geology and geophysics, or permission. Students will be charged field trip costs. Petrology and petrography of modern and ancient chemical rocks, the reconstruction of their physical/chemical depositional and diagenetic environments in time and space; applied interpretation of cores, petrophysical logs, and seismic; five-day field trip to the Florida Keys. (Irreg.)

GEOL 5373. History of Geology.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with 4373) Prerequisite: graduate standing. History of science and the scientific method with an emphasis on geology. Greek science, scholasticism, Copernican revolution Francis Bacon, principle of uniformity, evolution, continental drift, climate, progress. Discussion of writings by Plato, Geike, Kuhn, Popper, Chamberlin, Gilbert, Hubbert and others. No student may earn credit for both 4373 and 5373. (F)

GEOL 5413. Paleobotany.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Introduction to the fossil record of terrestrial plants from algae to flowering plants. Lectures will address anatomy, morphology, taphonomy and paleoecology, including climate and plant-animal interactions. Laboratories will put lecture topics into practice using fossil plants from the Oklahoma Museum of Natural History collection and from fieldwork. Field trips. No student may earn credit for both 4413 and 5413. Laboratory. (Sp, even-numbered years)

GEOL 5513. Evolutionary Paleobiology.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with 4513) Prerequisite: 3513. Evolutionary patterns in the fossil record. Time resolution and bias in fossil assemblages. Taxonomic diversity and community replacement over geologic time. Mass extinctions and evolutionary radiations. Heterochrony and evolution. Application of methods in biosystematics to fossils, including computer-based techniques. No student may earn credit for both 4513 and 5513. (Alt. Sp)

GEOL 5533. Earth's Past Climate.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with GEOL 4533; Crosslisted with METR 5533) Prerequisite: senior or graduate standing, or permission of instructor. Explores earth's climate system, controls on climate change, and evolution of climate history through geologic time as deciphered from climate proxies. No student may earn credit for both 4533 and 5533. (F)

GEOL 5544. Minerals and the Environment.4 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Explores the bonding and reactivity of common environmental minerals. Laboratory methods in environmental mineral analysis including, but are not limited to, diffraction, microscopy, and spectroscopy. Laboratory (F)

GEOL 5733. Tectonics and Sedimentation in Rift Basins.3 Credit Hours.

(Crosslisted with GPHY 5733) Prerequisites: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Provides a basic understanding of the geodynamics of rifting and the resulting sedimentary response through a series of basic lectures outlining fundamental concepts of rift dynamics and rift sedimentology, followed by discussion-based analysis of rift "case studies" that highlight interesting components of the relationship between tectonics and sedimentation in rift systems. (F)

GEOL 5813. Basin Analysis for Oil and Gas.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: permission. Development of exploration guidelines to oil and gas (origin, migration, accumulation) based on regional tectonic styles and related time and place associations of structure, sedimentation, heat history and fluid pressures. Laboratory. (F)

GEOL 5843. Economic Geology--Metallic Deposits.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with 4843) Prerequisite: GEOL 3114, GEOL 3223, and GEOL 3233. Introductory study of the important metallic ore deposits of the world; geology, origin and economic features of the deposits. No student may earn credit for both 4843 and 5843. (Irreg.)

GEOL 5853. Groundwater and Seepage.3 Credit Hours.

(Crosslisted with CEES 5853) Prerequisite: graduate standing in civil engineering, environmental science or geology or permission. An applied course dealing with properties of aquifers, modeling of groundwater flow, groundwater hydrology and its interrelation with surface water, well hydraulics, pumping tests and safe yield of aquifers. (F)

GEOL 5923. Pegmatites.3 Credit Hours.

(Slashlisted with GEOL 4923) Prerequisite: GEOL 3223, CHEM 1415, and permission of instructor. Granitic pegmatites are the most complex rocks on earth. Class instructs students in the use of scientific methods, including historical background, working hypotheses, analytical methods, experimental test, and theory as they are utilized in solving the origins of pegmatites. No student may earn credit for both 4923 and 5923. (Sp)

GEOL 5960. Directed Readings.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: graduate standing and permission of department. May be repeated; maximum credit twelve hours. Directed readings and/or literature reviews under the direction of a faculty member. (F, Sp, Su)

GEOL 5970. Special Topics/Seminar.3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. May be repeated; maximum credit nine hours. Special topics or seminar course for content not currently offered in regularly scheduled courses. May include library and/or laboratory research and field projects. (Irreg.)

GEOL 5980. Research for Master's Thesis.2-9 Credit Hours.

Variable enrollment, two to nine hours; maximum credit applicable toward degree, four hours. (F, Sp, Su)

GEOL 5990. Special Studies.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: permission. May be repeated; maximum credit nine hours. Advanced special studies in geological problems. May include directed reading in geology, fieldwork, laboratory research or preparation of reports. (F, Sp, Su)

GEOL 6103. Petroleum Geochemistry.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: graduate standing in geology or chemistry. An introduction to the basic concepts of petroleum geochemistry and their role in exploration. Includes the biomarker concept, pyrolysis techniques, isotopes in petroleum exploration, basin modeling and kinetic studies, organic petrography and detailed studies of a number of case histories. (Irreg.)

GEOL 6283. Seismic Reservoir Modeling.3 Credit Hours.

(Crosslisted with G E and P E 6283) Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. This course is designed to explore the seismic response of rocks and how it is related to petrophysical parameters. This understanding is key to interpretation of seismic data in terms of subsurface rocks and fluids. (F)

GEOL 6453. Topics in Petrology and Plate Tectonics.3 Credit Hours.

Prerequisite: graduate standing, GEOL 3114, GEOL 3223, and GEOL 3233. May be repeated with change of subject matter; maximum credit six hours. Geological processes at plate margins with emphasis on the relationship between structural and petrologic features: plate kinematics and petrotectonic associations; the origin of mountain belts, basins, and rock suites at convergent, divergent, and transform boundaries. (Irreg.)

GEOL 6950. Research.1-4 Credit Hours.

1 to 4 hours. Prerequisite: graduate standing and permission of faculty supervisor. May be repeated with change of content; maximum credit twelve hours. Individual research in various areas of geology. (F, Sp, Su)

GEOL 6960. Directed Readings.1-6 Credit Hours.

1 to 6 hours. Prerequisite: graduate standing and permission of faculty supervisor. May be repeated; maximum credit six hours. Supervised reading at an advanced graduate level. (F, Sp, Su)

GEOL 6970. Seminar.4 Credit Hours.

1 to 4 hours. Prerequisite: graduate standing and permission of faculty supervisor. May be repeated with change of subject matter; maximum credit 20 hours. Directed seminar on selected aspects of geologic knowledge and inquiry. (F, Sp, Su)

GEOL 6980. Research for Doctoral Dissertation.2-16 Credit Hours.

2 to 16 hours. (F, Sp, Su)

GEOL 6990. Independent Study.1-3 Credit Hours.

1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and permission of instructor. May be repeated; maximum credit nine hours. Contracted independent study for a topic not currently offered in regularly scheduled courses. Independent study may include library and/or laboratory research and field projects. (Irreg.)